Cosmetic Ingredients Glossary

AHA – short for alpha-hydroxy acid, AHA is an exfoliator derived from fruit, typically citrus fruit

UVA – is a long wave ultraviolet light which can cause genetic mutation in skin tissue.

UVB – is a medium wave ultraviolet light which causes sunburns

GRAS - Generally Recognized as Safe

NMF – short for natural moisturizing factors, NMF are fragrant plant oils which mimic human lipids

SPF – short for sun protection factor, SPF is the measure used to determine how long a sunscreen will protect the skin

Antioxidant – protective compounds which prevent oxidation of tissue

Biologically Active/Chiral – ingredients which can be metabolized within minutes of application

Biomimetic – skin identical ingredients

Collagen Cross-Links – structure of skin which gives density and strength

Cortisol – stress related hormone which causes a slow uptake of ingredients

Cosmeceutical – products that contain biomimetic ingredients

D-Panthenol – is chiral correct Pro-Vitamin B5 and is wound healing, hydrating, and skin conditioning

Dermis – is the living layer of skin tissue between the epidermis and hypodermis

Epidermis – is the outer protective layer of skin

Free Radicals – unstable molecules which can attach to skin tissue causing oxidation and cellular damage

Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid – precursor fatty acid which helps to build proteins to develop into skin tissue

Gluconolactone – a polyhydroxy acid (PHA), PHA is an exfoliator derived from sugar and milk acids

Homeostasis – the ability to maintain stability in the body

Hyaluronic Acid – a naturally occurring component of the skin with the capacity to hold 1000x its weight in moisture

Hypodermis – is the layer of fat tissue below dermis

L-Ascorbyl Palmitate – chiral correct Vitamin C that is effective at lessening environmental damage  

Multi-Mineral – blended mineral compounds which provide multiple skin care benefits

Natural Vasoconstrictors – any compound which can restrict blood flow

pH Balance – the level of acidity or alkalinity of any given compound

Rose Oil – an essential oil that is healing, hydrating, and antibacterial

Skin Care Quality Vitamins – vitamins essential for skin vital functions including Vitamin C, ProVitamin B5, Vitamin B3, Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin K, and Vitamin E

Sodium PCA – is a biomimetic skin hydrator

Titanium Dioxide – an inert mineral that provides anti-inflammatory effects as well as protects the skin from UVA and UVB damage

Vitamin A -  also known as retinol, it is a powerful skin-restoring, wrinkle-smoothing, and antioxidant ingredient

Vitamin C – a powerful brightening, exfoliating, smoothing, and skin restoring ingredient

Vitamin E – a powerful antioxidant ingredient

Water Resistant – indicates a compound will remain stable while submerged in water for up to 80 minutes

Water Soluble – indicates a compound will become unstable when submerged in water

Zinc Oxide - an inert mineral that provides anti-inflammatory effects as well as protects the skin from UVA and UVB damage